"Be careful of hepatitis A." Recently, many people were sent a cautionary message were sent a cautionary message about hepatitis A. Nowadays, the number of people contracting hepatitis A is increasing. Hepatitis A is caused by HAV (hepatitis A virus). Hepatitis A mainly causes cases if acute hepatitis.
There are a few reasons for the increase in cases of hepatitis A. First is HAV. Food or water contaminated with HAV is really a critical problem. Contaminated food or water is the main transimission method of the virus. The second reason is contact with infected person. When people come in contact with others infected with the virus, they can acquire the disease.
The symptoms of hepatitis A fall into different stages. First is the incubation period which lasts around thirty days. After the thirty days, the next stage begins. In the second stage there are symptoms like the early part of cold. In other words, people can feel fever, nausea, tiredness, etc. As the disease progress, people will get jaundice and the color of their urine will change. This is the last level. If someone gets these symptoms, the person has to go hospital as soon as possible.
Hepatitis A has some interesting features. It is more common in from March to May or June. In addition, it is more common among those in their twenties because they have less immunity to infection. Hepatitis A is transferred by contact. It is different from hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is transferred through bodily fluids like blood. Therefore, hepatitis A is easier to transmit than hepatitis B. However, if someont gets hepatitis A, the person can recover within three months. Although, some people who become infected may suffer symptoms for a much longer period. So, prevention and treatment is really important.
Actually, there is currently no treatment for the disease. Therefore, the prevention is the only way to protect yourself. There are lots of prevention methods. First is vaccine. If people have a vaccine injection two times, it is almost ok. However, the injection has a weakness. It is to expensive for people who in their twenties to thirties. The injection costs two hundred thousand won. And the vaccine is not effective immediately. The effect shows after six months.
Second is health administration. Hepatitis A spread by contaminated food and water. Thus, when people eat some food, they must boil it before eating. Especially, seafood can transmit hepatitis easier than other foods. So, when people eat seafood, they should be careful. Lastly, people should wash their hands well.
They can prevent the disease just by washing their hands. Thus, everyone must wash their hands well. Hepatitis A is a threat this time of year, so Daegu University students should be careful. Remember, those in their twenties are getting hepatitis A more than before.
Therefore, students should consider going to the hospital to get vaccined. If the cost is too much of a burden, students must wash their hands well.
L.L.F editor-in-chief Yu-Min Kim